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Some thoughts on SOPA and Copyright

Anybody who's tried to use the Internet today is no doubt aware of the "SOPA strike." A lot of major Internet sites, including places like Wikipedia, Wordpress, and Reddit, are blacked out in protest of proposed US legislation called the Stop Online Piracy Act. this legislation, which has been intensely lobbied for by powerful interests such as the Motion Picture Ass. of America and the Recording Industry Ass. of America, propose to stop copyright infringement by non-US sites and protect rights holders. It and its companion the Protect Intellectual Property Act were drafted by people with little technical understanding of the Internet in ways that circumvent normal due process of law. Each contains provisions by which purported rights holders can order the wholesale removal of sites from the Internet, without judicial oversight or review, and each requires ISPs, content hosts, and Web site owners to police user-generated content and remove it if they believe it might infringe on someone's intellectual property rights.

Needless to say, both pieces of legislation are deeply flawed. They amount to prior restraint on expression, which is not permitted by the US Constitution, and they threaten to undermine the domain name system that's central to how the Internet works. All that is a given.

The Recording Industry Ass. of America and the Motion Picture Ass. of America have both demonstrated themselves to be clumsy, arrogant, and hamfisted in their approach to copyright. The movie and recording industries are both firmly wedded to business models that are rooted in last century; neither has shown any inclination to change as technology changes. (The Motion Picture Ass. of America has, rather comedically, published a statement in which they say that anti-SOPA protests are a "gimmick" that will "turn us all into corporate pawns.")

Robert Heinlein perhaps put it best when he said, "There has grown up in the minds of certain groups in this country the notion that because a man or corporation has made a profit out of the public for a number of years, the government and the courts are charged with the duty of guaranteeing such profit in the future, even in the face of changing circumstances and contrary to public interest. This strange doctrine is not supported by statute or common law. Neither individuals nor corporations have any right to come into court and ask that the clock of history be stopped, or turned back."

But... but... but...

In all the debate about SOPA, there is an elephant in the room that nobody is talking about.




The elephant in the room is that people who create things deserve to be rewarded.

The current crop of Internet users is in many ways incredibly entitled. There is a very deep vein of hatred for the idea of intellectual property throughout the Internet generation. A surprisingly large number of people seem to feel that if someone created it, they deserve to be able to have it.

I have often made the mistake of wading into Internet conversations about copyright, and been astonished by the viciousness and entitlement that I see there. A lot of the arguments are based on a profound ignorance of what copyright is, but even more arguments are based on a hatred of the entire concept of intellectual property that seems to be rooted in the notion that anything I want, I should be allowed to have, as long as it isn't made of physical atoms. It's amazing, terrifying, and sad in equal proportion. And I can see why content creators get exasperated.

For example, in a recent debate about copyright on Facebook, one person made the assertion that a person whose work is copied without pay should be flattered by it, and "enjoy the fact that what you have written/drawn/painted/shot has moved so many people that they wish to pay you the compliment of forwarding your work to others to enjoy." Another person made the even more astonishing claim that "copyright is a tool of privilege" that "keeps art away from the poor," an opinion he followed up with "Art shouldn't be sold, it should be shared and traded." He then followed up with the notion that "talent is a birth-given privilege," artistic ability and creativity can not be learned, and selling an artwork or a song is inherently a tool of oppression because it's a way for privileged creative people to exploit those who lack the ability to create by denying them art that can improve their lives unless they pay for it.

The amount of entitlement these arguments reveal can scarcely fit in a double-decker bus. It turns the idea of privilege on its head (what of the poor, disadvantaged person who has invested a great deal of time and effort in learning a skill; should she not be allowed to be rewarded for that effort?); it demonstrates a breathtaking level of entitlement (if I like some bit of artwork and I think it makes my life better, I am entitled to have it no matter what it cost to produce and no matter how much work went into its creation); it relegates the production of art to only those wealthy enough to do it as a hobby, and that any creative person who isn't wealthy should, I don't know, work at McDonald's or something rather than creating; it spits in the face of the notion that people whose work benefits society deserve some measure of benefit themselves; and it cheapens and degrades the considerable effort that artists put into acquiring and building their skills.

And this is, amazingly, not an isolated opinion. It's a worldview I see reflected again and again and again, everywhere the subject of copyright comes up.




People who hold these ideas can not, I think, be persuaded otherwise. A person who feels entitled to something will construct rationalizations about why his entitlement is justified, whether it's by imagining creativity as some inborn thing like race or sex, or inventing a moral system whereby anyone who does something that could make another person's life better like create a painting or, I don't know, haul away garbage is ethically obligated to do so for free. Such people will often spout platitudes like "True artists do it for the love of art, not for money," setting up a false dichotomy that ignores the fact that creative people also have to eat. This argument also creates a system whereby an artist's merits are judged not on her technical proficiency or her ability to illuminate the human condition, but rather on how much stuff she gives the speaker for free.

Other arguments against copyright are based on simple ignorance of what copyright is.

Some of these are as inevitable as arguments like "Oh, so I should tell my partner every time I take a crap?" which I have heard, without fail, every single time I've ever seen a discussion about whether or not willfully withholding information from a lover is lying, or "So if someone asks me if her butt looks fat in these jeans, I should say yes?" that crop up as sure as night follows day in any conversation about the value of honesty. I have, to date, never once seen any conversation about copyright in which some person doesn't say "Well, you better not use the word 'copyright' because I have a copyright on it!" or "There's no such thing as an original idea." These people don't understand even the most basic principles about copyright; they simply don't know that a word or a sentence can not be copyrighted, or that copyright covers only a particular expression of an idea rather than the idea itself.

Other ideas about copyright that are just as common and just as wrongheaded include such notions as "If it's been posted in a public place, that means it's legal to copy it," which is approximately as inane as believing that if a car is parked in a public lot, that means it's legal to drive off with it; and the idea that as long as you credit the person who made a particular piece of art, it's permissible to copy and redistribute it at will.

These ideas are the Creation Science of copyright. They're firmly woven into the fabric of beliefs held by a very large number of people, and they're absolutely bogus. An emergent view that comes from these mistaken ideas is the smug, self-congratulatory notion that by copying someone else's work, the person copying it is doing the creator a favor; after all, it's giving the creator more exposure, right? (One has to wonder what good it is to have this "exposure" if we accept the notion that it's wrong for someone to want to be rewarded for creating things of value, but that's a subtle argument that's generally lost on the caliber of debate one normally sees surrounding the idea of copyright.)




People who create things of value deserve to be rewarded for that creation, no less than people who build cars or make computers or cook McDonald's burgers. This is a fundamental axiom without which there is no benefit in creation for any purpose save as a hobby. If we do not accept that idea, then what we are doing is we are saying that as a society we do not want the contribution of talented, creative poor people who can not support themselves in some other way; only the independently wealthy with plenty of time on their hands and the means to support their creation need apply. If I intend to invest in a camera, or canvas and paint, or studio recording equipment, I better do it without any expectation that my investment will be rewarded in any tangible way, and so I'd better have enough money to do so without the expectation of return. This idea is, I think, self-evidently horseshit.

Copyright matters. Intellectual property is important. This is not something that will go away, and because of it, the issues that drive dismal piles of misbegotten dreck like SOPA and PIPA aren't going to vanish tomorrow.

SOPA and PIPA are at this point almost certainly dead in the water, and that is as it should be. But that doesn't change the fact that the Internet is swarming with poorly-informed and entitled people who sincerely believe they have the right to have other people's work for free, and so we can reasonably expect to see proposals for more legislation like SOPA and PIPA to appear tomorrow, and the next day, and the next. This. Is. Not. Going. Away.

It is absolutely, undeniably true that there is more than a little hypocrisy at work in the attempts of organizations like the MPAA and RIAA to take the moral high ground about copyright while lobbying for legislation that does an end-run around protected speech. It is unquestionably true that, to a large extent, the copyright problems they face are a monster of their own making, the result of hanging on to antiquated business models that simply no longer apply. It is also true beyond a shadow of a doubt that both of them, the RIAA in particular, have long histories of treating the actual creators they employ very poorly indeed, giving their artists only tiny dribs and drabs of money while executives profit obscenely on their work. All of these things are true.

But not one of these observations is an argument against the idea that people who create novel things deserve to be rewarded for them. We would not say that an inventor, a creative person who applies her talents to solving practical problems, should do so merely for the love of inventing, nor that "true" inventors would never charge for their inventions; and most of us would probably find it quite laughable if someone were to say that an inventor who sold her invention was an oppressor, using her innate privilege to deny other people of things that can benefit their lives unless they pay her.

So why is it that we are willing to accept these ideas when they are applied to someone who uses her talent to create photographs or paintings instead of widgets?

SOPA sucks. But the notion that people are entitled to benefit from others' work for free also sucks. We are, or we should be, on the same side here; our lives are made richer by the artistic expressions of others, and so we should want to encourage creative people to create. Even if they're not independently wealthy.


Comments

( 97 comments — Leave a comment )
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sylphon
Jan. 18th, 2012 10:37 pm (UTC)
Well put!
much_ado
Jan. 18th, 2012 10:51 pm (UTC)
Thank the fracking ghods for tacit and your ability to put good verbiage to the same entitlement issues I've been battling for Idunno HOW long.
rowanf
Jan. 18th, 2012 11:38 pm (UTC)
I work in IP (patents mostly), and am an artist... and I entirely agree.

I might have doubted your entitled folks but I have been reading @herpderpedia all day and am appalled by the (mostly) young folks retweeted there. *facepalm*
petemosq
Jan. 18th, 2012 11:59 pm (UTC)
One of the least materialistic performers ever, Bob Marley himself said "When me work, we wanna get paid."
Artists being compensated for their work doesn't have to come at the expense of free expression and information.
joreth
Jan. 19th, 2012 12:12 am (UTC)
as both an artist and a fervent defender of the freedom of expression, I have nothing to add here but my user icon.
joreth
Jan. 19th, 2012 12:20 am (UTC)
I just hope this post doesn't get derailed by people taking your defense of artists' right to compensation to the absurd conclusion that you therefore defend SOPA (because people on the internet, in my experience, tend to ignore the parts of a post they don't like & "interpret" the post the way they want you to sound).

Which wouldn't be your fault, of course, because you repeatedly said you are opposed to SOPA. But years of internet conversations that go:

Me: the sky is blue, but I don't like being outdoors today.
Them: How DARE you say the sky isn't blue! It totally is! I just looked out my window and it's blue skies all the way!
Me: I know, I just said that it was. You clearly didn't read what I wrote.
Them: You're so mean! Moderator! Ban her from the forums forever! She called me names!

...have left me cynical. Here's hoping I'm wrong!
the_failed_poet
Jan. 19th, 2012 12:14 am (UTC)
Well said. I have to say the sense of entitlement is really insidious. Every once in a while I find myself unable to find something without having to pay for it and being deeply, deeply annoyed. And then I think about that for a moment and realise that I'm being silly. But it's definitely a prevalent attitude among people my age right now.
nleseul
Jan. 19th, 2012 12:59 am (UTC)
I challenge you to find me anyone who actually, seriously argues that artists don't deserve to be compensated for their work. That's a strawman version of the critique of intellectual property.

Anyone who is genuinely arguing for the end of intellectual property and isn't completely clueless about everything is making that argument in the context of advocating the transformation of the entire economy into some sort of post-scarcity model (which socialists have been doing for a couple of centuries now). It doesn't matter that artists can't be compensated in such a system, because the very idea of "compensation" no longer needs to exist and everyone—including the artists—is perfectly capable of taking all that they need from the system whenever.

Even among people who don't get as radical as that, the point being made isn't that artists shouldn't get compensated; it's just that technology is changing in ways that make it inevitable that they eventually won't be, just because of competition. In other words, that information has become post-scarcity while the rest of the economy has not, and that incongruity will make it increasingly difficult for anyone working in the information sector to translate that work into reward in the non-information sector. And anyone seriously thinking about that acknowledges that this is a problem and that we need to come up with some innovative way of ensuring artists get compensated, but many simply point out that the current industry-favored approach of imposing artificial scarcity on information with DRM and such is an unworkable solution with too many negative side-effects.

No one denies that there are complicated issues going on here which need some kind of solution that rewards artists. And trying to reduce the entire discussion down to "entitlement" is a strawman that erases a long history of thought on how trade and reward in post-scarcity and post-capitalist economies might work.
redhotlips
Jan. 19th, 2012 01:42 am (UTC)
My last client! To quote "taking pictures isn't real work, you shouldn't get this kind of money for fooling around"

While this is more extreme than most, it is surprisingly common for clients to argue or try and convince me that i'm wrong about my copyright. (had a lawyer try and tell me that pictures of him made by me can't be copyrighted!) I have a $30,000 education, $50,000 in gear and studio etc, i provide copyright information in my contract and even with all these obvious indicators that i am a business, it's not uncommon for clients to be surprised that sharing my work is a copyright violation.
Photography - edm - Jan. 19th, 2012 02:04 am (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - sweh - Jan. 19th, 2012 03:39 pm (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - emanix - Jan. 19th, 2012 01:48 am (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - red_girl_42 - Jan. 19th, 2012 04:47 am (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - maineshark - Jan. 19th, 2012 05:15 am (UTC) - Expand
(no subject) - tacit - Jan. 19th, 2012 05:35 am (UTC) - Expand
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(no subject) - tacit - Jan. 19th, 2012 11:12 pm (UTC) - Expand
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(no subject) - tacit - Jan. 20th, 2012 01:23 am (UTC) - Expand
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nleseul, you know her - sarnac - Jan. 19th, 2012 05:07 pm (UTC) - Expand
terryo
Jan. 19th, 2012 01:18 am (UTC)
I hope you can spread this around far and wide.... This is excellent and more people need to understand what the real issues are.
boozymatic
Jan. 19th, 2012 01:31 am (UTC)
Yes! Thank you again for putting the real story out there!
redhotlips
Jan. 19th, 2012 01:34 am (UTC)
As a photographer who has to educate clients daily about copyright I love this post. Thank you.
skittenwench
Jan. 19th, 2012 01:55 am (UTC)
right on!
You are absolutely correct Franklin. But its difficult for most to resist the free but awesome. The tricky bit ...... has anyone invented an effective way to police piracy? Or has it gone beyond our ability to do so? What would you suggest to stop piracy and what do you think SHOULD be done?
pstscrpt
Jan. 19th, 2012 06:13 pm (UTC)
Re: right on!
I think we need to take it as a given that piracy cannot be stopped and, from there, figure out how else we might provide good incentives for people to do creative work.
Re: right on! - skittenwench - Jan. 19th, 2012 11:02 pm (UTC) - Expand
Re: right on! - pstscrpt - Jan. 20th, 2012 12:08 am (UTC) - Expand
Re: right on! - pstscrpt - Jan. 20th, 2012 12:10 am (UTC) - Expand
spiralflames
Jan. 19th, 2012 04:07 am (UTC)
i'm a musician and a photographer. THANK you. i once had someone email me and tell me that he'd tried to download some of my photos from flickr and couldn't, because they were copyrighted, so could i just forward some? he'd like to make prints and hang them in his office. um, no, i responded, people usually, um, PAY for prints.

he never spoke to me again.
maineshark
Jan. 19th, 2012 05:04 am (UTC)
FYI, it's trivially-easy to bypass Flickr's copy protections. The file link is right there in the page source. Or, for those who prefer a graphical interface, clicking "page info" under FireFox's "tools" and selecting "media" in the resulting window will show all image files that are displayed.

If you put something on the Internet, it's available. That's just the nature of technology; in order for a file to be displayed on a remote computer, the file must be transmitted there. Some software can make it more of a hassle to access the file, but if you've allowed someone to view it, there's some method by which they can save a copy.
maineshark
Jan. 19th, 2012 05:28 am (UTC)
"We would not say that an inventor, a creative person who applies her talents to solving practical problems, should do so merely for the love of inventing, nor that "true" inventors would never charge for their inventions; and most of us would probably find it quite laughable if someone were to say that an inventor who sold her invention was an oppressor, using her innate privilege to deny other people of things that can benefit their lives unless they pay her."

I've never patented any invention of mine. Nor have I copyrighted any piece of writing, photograph, or any other form of art.

Look up "KV Pharmaceuticals" and "Makena" to see exactly what sort of exploitation patents can create. Thanks to one of those government-granted monopolies, a drug that used to cost $10/dose jumped to $1500/dose. Remember, this drug was sold profitably at $10/dose, so they were hoping to make over $1490 in pure profit per dose, due to nothing more than the stroke of a bureaucrat's pen.

After massive public complaint, the company dropped it to ~$700/dose. Awful generous of them, right?
emanix
Jan. 20th, 2012 01:12 am (UTC)
I've never patented any invention of mine. Nor have I copyrighted any piece of writing, photograph, or any other form of art.

How nice for you. And presumably you are lucky enough to have a pleasant enough day job that allows you some spare time in which to produce these things as a hobby without killing yourself through stress. Or is it perhaps a rich family or partner sponsoring your life of relative idleness?

My point is that having the spare time, and adequate money is a privilege you clearly have that not all of us share. Working speculatively, for pleasure and the public good is something one can only do WHEN YOU ARE NOT WORRIED ABOUT WHERE THE NEXT MEAL IS COMING FROM. The fact that some artists now work in digital media shouldn't mean that they're forced forever to work in their McDonalds lunch breaks, producing a tiny portion of the work they could be.

I would also like to note that Franklin was talking about the benefits *to society* of paying individual artists to produce art. Not the patent system, and not medicine. There's a whole other conversation there, and a whole different and imperfect system to rant and rave about, but at the end of the day drug patents run for a limited time, and without them there would be far less incentive to research into new fields. Personally, I'd rather live in a world where research is actually happening, and we have to wait a few extra years until it's cheap and generic, than one where the only research that exists is government sponsored. Have you seen the state of government sponsored research lately?
I'm kindof betting not.
(no subject) - maineshark - Jan. 20th, 2012 01:22 am (UTC) - Expand
wlotus
Jan. 19th, 2012 09:40 am (UTC)
I agree, and it boggles my mind that anyone truly believes they are entitled to use, for free, the fruits of someone else's labor.
maineshark
Jan. 20th, 2012 12:59 am (UTC)
Interesting. If someone copies something, he has expended labor in doing the copying. Those who support the notion of copyright and such are saying they are entitled to control his labor.
(no subject) - tacit - Jan. 20th, 2012 01:08 am (UTC) - Expand
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(no subject) - maineshark - Jan. 21st, 2012 08:56 pm (UTC) - Expand
catdragon_
Jan. 19th, 2012 09:51 am (UTC)
Thank you for another insightful rant.
I've been on the "protect copyright is good, SOPA/PIPA is not the way to do it" and "get information about this issue" deal for a while now.
In Canada we have the Conservative government trying to pass Bill C-11 which will have many of the same consequences as SOPA.
As for it being younger people not understanding that there is value in work that does not produce an object.
My wife has been a CGA for over 20 years. She has people of all age groups question why she charges as much as she does and why they can't have their files sent to Canada Revenue Agency until the bill is paid.
She gently explains she charges for her time and her expertise in keeping CRA from taking more of the clients money.
I guess they don't realize the continuous education, the employees and the office all require money to help them keep more of their money.
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